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Record Number of Homeless Students in U.S. Schools; Leading Homeless Children’s Advocates Comment

For Immediate Release: September 22, 2014

Washington – Public schools in the United States enroll a record number of homeless children and youth, according to U.S. Department of Education (ED) data released today.

The 1,258,182 homeless students enrolled by U.S. preschools and K-12 schools in the 2012-2013 school year is an increase of 8 percent from the previous school year. 34 states and the District of Columbia reported year-to-year increases in the number of homeless students. The number of homeless children in public schools has increased 85 percent since the beginning of the recession.

81 percent of the children included in the ED data are not recognized as homeless by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), which prioritizes homeless single adults, because they are living temporarily in motels or doubled-up housing. As a result, 1,006,899 homeless children are eligible for educational assistance through local schools, but not HUD services including shelter, short-term housing, and assistance with obtaining permanent housing. The bipartisanHomeless Children and Youth Act introduced in both chambers of Congress would amend the HUD definition of homelessness to include the homeless children identified in ED’s report.

Homeless children face education, health, and safety consequences from their lack of permanent housing:

This year, for the first time, ED required all school districts to report whether homeless students were living with their parents, or on their own (unaccompanied homeless youth). School districts reported enrolling 75,940 unaccompanied homeless youth. Studies have found that:

  • 40-60 percent of unaccompanied homeless youth were abused physically in their homes, 20-40 percent were abused sexually.
  • Over two-thirds of unaccompanied homeless youth report that at least one of their parents abuses drugs or alcohol.
  • Unaccompanied homeless youth are more likely to fall victim to sexual exploitation, including trafficking.

The ED data underestimate the number of homeless children in the United States. The data do not include homeless infants and toddlers, young children who are not enrolled in public preschool programs, and homeless children and youth who were not identified by school officials.

In response to the ED data, leading advocates for homeless children released the following statements:

“A record number of homeless students means a record number of our children being exposed to sexual trafficking, abuse, hunger, and denial of their basic needs,” said Bruce Lesley, President of the First Focus Campaign for Children. “The new data means that a record number of kids in our schools and communities are spending restless nights in bed-bug infested motels and falling more behind in school by the day because they’re too tired and hungry to concentrate. This is a desperate situation, and the first step we must take is to get homeless students the housing assistance they need today by passing the Homeless Children and Youth Act.”

“The data released today confirm what our members see every day – increasing numbers of children and youth struggling to survive without a home,” said Barbara Duffield, Director of Policy and Programs for the National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth. “Public schools are the only universal safety net for these children and youth — a place where they can obtain basic services and the education that is necessary to escape poverty as adults. Yet without access to HUD homeless assistance, schools struggle to stabilize the education and the lives of homeless children and youth. The Homeless Children and Youth Act would eliminate the red tape that prevents local agencies from collaborating to create better futures for these vulnerable students.”

“It is shocking and sobering that in a country this wealthy we have so many students who lack a place to live,” said Jeremy Rosen, Director of Advocacy at the National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty. “Unfortunately, current federal homelessness policy makes it harder for children, youth, and families to leave homelessness. Congress should pass the Homeless Children and Youth Act so that we can see these numbers begin to decline.”

“Clearly, the federal government has abandoned its commitment to fill yawning gaps in affordable housing options for low income families – and left America’s public schools to deal with the consequences,” said Ruth White,  Executive Director, National Center for Housing and Child Welfare. “These alarming trends could be easily reversed by prudent investments in federal housing programs that help these struggling families make ends meet.”

“With 75,940 unaccompanied homeless youth counted in public schools  and less than 7,000 beds for this population, it is clear that we have a long way to go to providing this very vulnerable homeless youth population with the care and resources they need,” said Darla Bardine, Executive Director, National Network for Youth.

The data released by the U.S. Department of Education are available on the website of the National Center for Homeless Education (NCHE). NCHE is the U.S. Department of Education’s technical assistance and information provider in the area of homeless education.

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The First Focus Campaign for Children is a 501(c)(4) nonprofit organization affiliated with First Focus, a bipartisan children’s advocacy organization. The Campaign for Children advocates directly for legislative change in Congress to ensure children and families are the priority in federal policy and budget decisions. For more information, visit www.campaignforchildren.org.

NAEHCY is a national grassroots membership association dedicated to ensuring the school enrollment, attendance, and overall success for children and youth whose lives have been disrupted by the lack of safe, permanent and adequate housing. For more information, see www.naehcy.org.

The National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty (NLCHP) is a 501(c) 3 organization based in Washington, D.C. and founded in 1989 as the legal arm of the national movement to end and prevent homelessness. Through policy advocacy, public education, and impact litigation, NLCHP addresses the root causes of homelessness and seeks to meet both the immediate and long-term needs of homeless and poor people. Through training and support, NLCHP also enhances the capacity of local groups.

The National Center for Housing and Child Welfare (NCHCW) links housing resources and knowledge to child welfare agencies in order to improve family functioning, prevent family homelessness, and reduce the need for out-of-home placement. NCHCW also brings housing resources to child welfare agencies in order to ensure that older youth in foster care have a connection to permanent family as well as a solid plan for stable housing and services to help them be successful as adults.

The National Network for Youth (NN4Y), founded in 1974, is the nation’s leading network of homeless and runaway youth programs. The Network champions the needs of runaway, homeless, and other disconnected youth through strengthening the capacity of community-based services, facilitating resource sharing, and educating the public and policy makers. NN4Y members work collaboratively to prevent youth homelessness and the inherent risks of living on the streets, including exploitation, human trafficking, criminal justice involvement, or getting killed on the streets. For more information, visit www.nn44youth.org.

Agency’s Homelessness Data Misleading, Advocates Say

For Immediate Release: October 30, 2014

Contacts: Ed Walz, First Focus Campaign for Children, 202-657-0685
Barbara Duffield, National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth, 202-549-7668
Sarah Knutsen, National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty, 202-638-2535
Darla Bardine, National Network For Youth, 202-783-7949
Ruth White, National Center for Housing & Child Welfare, 301-699-0151

Washington – The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) today released its Annual Homeless Assessment Report, a count and description of homeless Americans presented each year to Congress. The report is based on counts taken at homeless shelters, as well as counts taken by volunteers who survey streets, parks, light rail stations and tunnels, all-night businesses, and other places frequented by homeless people. HUD reports a 15 percent drop in homelessness among families with children from 2010-2014, directly contradicting U.S. Department of Education data released in September, showing an increase in homeless K-12 students of 18 percent from school years 2010-2011 to 2012-2013. Advocates for families and youth reacted today by challenging HUD to correct three serious deficiencies that call into question the report’s value

1. HUD doesn’t look in the places homeless families and youth can be found – Homeless families and youth are less likely to go to shelters – partly because shelter policies often exclude two-parent families and families with adolescent boys, so going to a shelter means separating the family. Youth who are homeless on their own avoid adult shelters because of safety concerns. And families are less likely to go to the other places (bus stations, parks, etc.) where HUD counts because they are afraid of having their children removed from their custody. But HUD makes no effort to count homeless families and youth who are staying for the night in a motel that they pay for, staying with others because they have nowhere to go, or otherwise out-of-sight.

2. HUD wouldn’t count homeless youth and families if they found them – HUD doesn’t consider most homeless children and youth homeless. HUD’s narrow homelessness definition excludes most kids who are not in shelters or on the streets. But with the U.S. Department of Education reporting nearly 1.3 million homeless children in K-12 schools, that narrow definition makes HUD’s data wildly inaccurate.

3. HUD’s shelter count measures capacity, not need – HUD’s primary count focuses on shelter occupancy and the number and availability of volunteers to count people who are visibly homeless on the streets and other outdoor locations. But shelters are often full, and many communities do not have shelters for families or youth. The number of volunteers and the quality of their efforts are not uniform. So HUD’s count is actually more a measure of shelter and volunteer capacity than actual need. This primary count excludes youth and families whose needs go unmet.

Congress is considering bipartisan legislation requiring HUD to adopt a more accurate definition of “homeless” and make homeless children and youth eligible for the same HUD assistance available to homeless adults. The Homeless Children and Youth Act is sponsored in the Senate by Senators Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.) and Rob Portman (R-Ohio), and in the House of Representatives by Congressman Steve Stivers (R-Ohio) and Congressman George Miller (D-Calif.). The bill has been referred to the congressional committees with jurisdiction – the House Financial Services Committee and the Senate Banking Committee.

A working group including the First Focus Campaign for Children the National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth, the National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty, the National Network For Youth, and the National Center for Housing & Child Welfare reacted to the HUD report’s release with a statement by First Focus Campaign for Children president Bruce Lesley:

“HUD’s defining homelessness in a way that excludes millions of people, including as many as a million children. And in the process, they’ve delivered Congress a report that’s practically useless. But especially on a problem as serious as child, youth, and family homelessness, Congress and the people who elected them deserve real answers. Fixing the problem starts with adopting an honest definition that reflects the reality of today’s homelessness.”

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The First Focus Campaign for Children is a 501(c)(4) nonprofit organization affiliated with First Focus, a bipartisan children’s advocacy organization. The Campaign for Children advocates directly for legislative change in Congress to ensure children and families are the priority in federal policy and budget decisions. For more information, visitwww.campaignforchildren.org.

NAEHCY is a national grassroots membership association dedicated to ensuring the school enrollment, attendance, and overall success for children and youth whose lives have been disrupted by the lack of safe, permanent and adequate housing. For more information, see www.naehcy.org.

The National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty (NLCHP) is a 501(c) 3 organization based in Washington, D.C. and founded in 1989 as the legal arm of the national movement to end and prevent homelessness. Through policy advocacy, public education, and impact litigation, NLCHP addresses the root causes of homelessness and seeks to meet both the immediate and long-term needs of homeless and poor people. Through training and support, NLCHP also enhances the capacity of local groups.

The National Network for Youth (NN4Y) is the nation’s leading network of runaway and homeless youth programs. The Network champions the needs of runaway, homeless, and other disconnected youth through strengthening the capacity of community-based services by facilitating resource sharing and educating the public and policy makers. NN4Y members work collaboratively to prevent youth homelessness and the inherent risks of living on the streets which includes victimization, exploitation, human trafficking, criminal justice involvement, lifetime homelessness or death. For more information, visit www.nn4youth.org.

Many Faces of Homelessness: Brandy, Kenny and Kids

The latest video from Diane Nilan of HEAR US shows one family’s struggles while staying in Florida motels.

Take Action to Help Homeless Kids Now

by Kevin M. Ryan, President and CEO, Covenant House

When is a homeless child not a homeless child? Lawmakers, Covenant House, the online human rights community Care2.com, and other advocates for vulnerable young people are trying to make the fairest definition of homelessness part of the law of the land. We need your help. Read full article on the Huffington Post.

Homeless Students Tell Congress to Pass the Homeless Children and Youth Act

New Video Available: Hear from homeless students why Congress should pass the Homeless Children and Youth Act in this compelling new video produced by the Alliance for Excellent Education.

Take Action

Tell your U.S. Representative and U.S Senators that all homeless children and youth need help,­ no matter where they happen to be staying. Take action here.

Add your organization or office to the list of over 250 Homeless Children and Youth Act supporters. Click here to become a supporter.

Listen to Youth

There is no better way to understand homelessness than listening to the children and youth who have been through it. Listen to what they have to say.

Get the Facts

The Homeless Children and Youth Act would make it easier for homeless children, youth, and families to receive homeless assistance, no matter where they happen to be staying. Get the facts.

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HCYA Supporters

About the photos: Photos of children and youth experiencing homelessness provided by Diane Nilan, HEAR US Inc., used with permission. (c) 2012, Diane Nilan, HEAR US Inc.